The Ptolemy Problem

Contents 1 The Ptolemy Problem 1. Most researchers were well aware of it but only few dared to put it into clear words. The problem and its possible solutions affect a lot of other topics and could be linked to a question most historians tried to avoid: Was our transmitted classical history sometimes subject to systematic manipulation? But we have, transmitted from the 2nd century, the “Geographia” of Ptolemy. It is a book about the location of cities, rivers, mountains, coastlines and state boundaries of the whole known world. It gives coordinate tables and a guide to draw mathematically derived map projections. It is the only cartographic book transmitted from classical antiquity. Therefore it is considered the high point of ancient geography.

Antique Map Categories

So you have just found a nice European petrol map Start with the copyright date if there is one Well, the obvious answer is to look for a copyright date, usually on the bottom margin of the map. Some maps make it even easier by putting the year right up on the front cover – the problem here, though is that the map was probably actually produced a year earlier than the cover date! See, for example, the Aral atlas shown on the introduction page which was on sale in May

If not a Geographia map of the same date will do. I have already tried: Liverpool Central Library The A-Z Company The Geographia Maps company. The national​.

These two European maps point to two quite distinct traditions of cartographic representation dating back to the early 14 th Century. In the 19 th Century the metaphorical tradition of the European Queen witnessed a new and distinctive reincarnation — the political cartoon map of Europe — which reflected and mirrored the momentous political and cultural changes that transformed Europe between and Individual nations were caricaturized and distinctive national identities given new and popular symbolic expression.

Increasingly politicised, the cartoon map of Europe finally disappeared in the turmoil of World War I, victim to new and more powerful forms of mass media and communication. Its vestiges remain clearly visible in the design and iconography of subsequent propaganda posters of Bolshevik Russia and of World War II. As well as offering a recognisable metaphor for Europe as the Queen of Culture and Civilisation, the map perhaps also provides a parallel political metaphor for contemporary 16 th Century Europe.

There are many different strands and levels to this alternative tradition of map representation, unfortunately most of them beyond the scope of our consideration here. However in the 19 th Century a new and quite distinctive genre of European cartography emerged — the political cartoon map — which uniquely reflected and mirrored the momentous political and cultural changes that were transforming the landscape of Europe.

Figure 1.

Cartography – Special Map Collections and Strengths

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As with Geographia, the code then takes a form, (so JACE=10/86, for example) usually placed in the bottom left of the map itself. Dutch.

Buy Digital Image. Geographia, Ltd. The company was founded by Alexander Gross – , a Hungarian immigrant to the United Kingdom. Geographia Ltd. Many of his maps were drawn by a mysterious ‘Mr. Fountain’ of which we have been able to discovery little. There he issued a large corpus of U. By the s, the branch in the United States had been renamed the Geographia Map Company and experienced rapid growth. By the s Geographia had published maps of dozens of cities across the United States. In , the British branch was bought out by Harper Collins and continues to produce maps under the Collins Bartholomew imprint.

Later, by , they had relocated to 55 Fleet Street, where they remained until ate least By , they related to Fleet Street, followed by Fleet Street by It is of note that many of the Geographia Ltd.

Maps and geography in the ancient world

Whilst most county maps were included within Atlases that had dates on them – on their frontispieces if not on every map – maps published as individual counties or areas within covers frequently have no obvious date on them. The exception is the Ordnance Survey, who always dated their maps as far as I have seen, sometimes with a plethora of revision dates, so they are always easy to date unless someone has cropped off the margins too closely.

For the remaining publishers who omitted dates, sometimes they did include a date code that can be translated into a year, or at other times all you have is their address to compare against their known address dates. There is a lot of information on Bartholomews click on the link , but rather less on the others shown below the list :. The M.

Dating geographia maps. Updated 3 years ago. About · 0 Discussions · 0 Change Requests. Star 0. Subscribe 1 · Read. Please log in to preview this.

Email: info jeremysbooks. Vintage, antiquarian, collectable books, maps, cigarette and tea cards. Our stocks include some very unusual maps Search Our Store:. Click on any image to enlarge. Map Dates:. As well as being purchased for reasons of family research, nostalgia and for general use many of our maps are destined for collectors or those with specialist interest, such as local history, genealogy or cartographers.

Map resources

A list and brief history of London Atlases. This website is focused on late Victorian to early 20th century London because that is when my ancestors lived there and maps and books of this period are out of copyright and not all of them are prohibitively expensive or impossible to obtain. But I have looked at what happened before as a part of understanding that period and list atlases produced up to the ‘s. In the Board of the Ordnance Survey began to map England using scientific methods, since when and arguably still, the UK has the most accurate printed maps available.

In , J.

The Geographia Authentic Atlas & Guide to London & Suburbs arrived in Geographers A-Z maps are the hardest to date and find as they do not even.

From and early edition of Munster’s Cosmographia one of the most influential geographical works of the 16th Century. Sebastien Munster’s Geographia and his later Cosmographia were landmark works, including not only Ptolemaic maps, but also a number of important early modern maps, including the first separate maps of the 4 continents, the first map of England and the earliest obtainable map of Scandinavia. Munster dominated cartographic publication during the midth Century. Munster is generally regarded as one of the most important map makers of the 16th Century.

Sebastien Munster was a linguist and mathematician, who initially taught Hebrew in Heidelberg. He issued his first mapping of Germany in , after which he issued a call geographical information about Germany to scholars throughout the country. The response was better than hoped for, and included substantial foreign material, which supplied him with up to date, if not necessarily accurate maps for the issuance of his Geographia in He settled in the latter in and died there, of plague, in He moved to Basel, where he published a Hebrew grammar, one of the first books in Hebrew published in Germany.

After converting to Protestantism in , he took over the chair of Hebrew at Basel, where he published his main Hebrew work, a two-volume Old Testament with a Latin translation. Three years later, he released a treatise on sundials.

Cambridge University Library

Published by Geographers Map Co Ltd Seller Rating:. Condition: Good. Covers have some wear, creasing, toning. Content is clean and has light toning. Map on cloth.

A medieval recreation of *Ptolemy’s* map of Asia, including India; *a larger Persian, Greek, and Roman sovereigns dating from Nabonasar to Antoninus Pius​, to the making of maps”, and, in later centuries, shortened to simply Geographia.

Toggle navigation. Have you forgotten your login? Journal articles. Claude Monteil 1 AuthorId : Author. Hide details. Abstract : It is widely recognized that present-day biological diversity may reflect past land use and landscape features. Understanding the historical background is essential to explain the ecosystem functioning of landscapes today. Numerous historical spatial data have been used to reconstruct these pathways but resulted in problems of sources, formats and supports.

One major problem is how to incorporate historical data in current coordinate systems to enable them to be compared with each other and with current sources. Previous works on the registration of historical maps already demonstrated the superiority of local methods e. The same studies also highlighted the importance of selecting ground control points with a homogeneous spatial distribution to improve the accuracy of registration.

Furthermore, while kernel-based methods have already proved their efficiency for many other applications, they have rarely been used for map registration even though they provide an interesting alternative to conventional methods. We compare the performance of several global and local methods with kernel-based methods Gaussian and polynomials and analyze the impact of the number of control points, their nature and their spatial distribution on the quality of registration.

A protocol was developed to apply the transformation models in various situations and to identify the best strategy for the georeferencing of historical maps.

Historical Maps

Danville Under the Patronage of the Duke of Orleans. Bolton,” with added outline color, 4 sheets joined, 98 x 95 cm. London, probably the 3rd edition of His true identity is obscure. In the vacuum caused by the lack of firsthand information, early cartographers were forced to draw heavily on the ancients, primarily Ptolemy and al-Idrisi, for their geographic details of Africa.

Copperplate wall map by “Mr. Bolton,” with added outline color, 4 sheets joined, His Geographia, written in Alexandria around , was a manual on the but fortunately copies of it survived in Greek manuscripts dating between the 12th.

The following images have been scanned from maps in the collection of Dr Ian Saunders unless otherwise stated and have been used as illustrations in Printed Maps of Lancashire: the first two hundred years CNWRS, Lancaster, The map reference numbers in that book are included in the list below after the date, which is usually the year of the first issue, but in some cases is that for the particular edition illustrated.

The jpeg images may be reduced to fit the screen and can usually be enlarged, depending on your browser. Warning: File sizes for some maps may be large. Please note that ‘thumb-nail’ illustrations displayed on this page are sometimes distorted, to be wider or narrower than the original map shape. When you click through to the full size image no such distortion will show. You are welcome to use the images of these maps for personal, educational or research purposes.

They must not be used for commercial purposes without the permission of Lancaster University Library and the copyright holder. London, Bickham Junior. London, c. Map resources Map resources at Lancaster University Library. Lancashire historic maps The following images have been scanned from maps in the collection of Dr Ian Saunders unless otherwise stated and have been used as illustrations in Printed Maps of Lancashire: the first two hundred years CNWRS, Lancaster, The larger map replacing 3F from Jenner’s Book of Names

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Product Type Clear. Seller Rating:. About this Item: , 18,5 x 25 Koemann Me England mit London im Mittelpunkt. Seller Inventory More information about this seller Contact this seller

Figure 73 Ordnance Survey 1″ Sheets Pre-dating The error in date is very important for the routes shown on the map re- ‘Geographia Magnae Britanniae’.

Original steel engraved title page. Drawn and engraved by A Warren. Water stained to right side. How to order. London, Baldwin and Cradock. Original full calf. Sold as a collection of plates only Code No. Denbigh and Flintshire maps with outline colour, Cheshire reduced margin and Westmoreland map worm holes, including strip maps of the roads, at the back of each county map. Reduced from John Ogilby’s road book Britannia of Thomas Bowles was competing with Gardener and Senex road maps books, he was determined to be first to publish, this led to him making many printing errors, corrected in the later editions.

All maps loose

Goh Cheng Leong Chapter 5: Landforms made by Running Water